Paul Revere and the Raiders (1971)

(The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)

They took the whole Cherokee nation
Put us on this reservation
Took away our ways of life
The tomahawk and the bow and knife

Took away our native tongue
And taught their English to our young

And all the beads we made by hand
Are nowadays made in Japan

** Cherokee people, Cherokee tribe
So proud to live, so proud to die

They took the whole Indian nation
Locked us on this reservation

Though I wear a shirt and tie
I’m still part redman deep inside

** Cherokee people, Cherokee tribe
So proud to live, so proud to die

But maybe someday when they learn
Cherokee nation will return,
will return, will return,
will return, will return




Paul Revere and the Raiders

          The leader of one of the most colorful bands in rock history was born Revere Dick on January 7, 1938 in Harvard, Nebraska, and grew up in Boise, Idaho. His high school buddies, the leather clad, biker crowd, called him "River". After graduation, Revere went barber college, opened his own shop and eventually started a drive-in restaurant, the Reed 'n' Bell, in Caldwell, Idaho. In his spare time, he played keyboards in local bands. One night, a sixteen year old lad named Mark Lindsay asked if he could sing on stage with the band, where he impressed the others enough to land a permanent spot in the group. By 1959 they had evolved into The Downbeats, a name taken from the jazz magazine, and played local high school dances and sock hops.

In late 1960, Revere took his band to a small recording studio in the area, where they cut a half dozen tracks and began shopping them around. In early 1961, he landed at the Gardenia pressing plant of John Guss, who not only agreed to cut a record from Revere's tape, but suggested a name change to Paul Revere and the Nightriders. Revere rejected the name, but later settled on Paul Revere and the Raiders, which was the name that appeared on the group's first single, a boogie woogie version of Chopsticks called "Beatnik Sticks". The song was mostly ignored by local radio stations as was a follow-up "Paul Revere's Ride", but their third effort, an instrumental called "Like Long Hair" caught on. The single entered the Billboard Hot 100 in March 1961, eventually reaching number 38 and landed the group their first appearance on Dick Clark's American Bandstand.

It seem like things were looking up for The Raiders, but before they could issue another record, Revere was drafted. The group continued for a while as Paul Revere's Raiders with a young Leon Russell on piano, but without Revere's leadership, the band dissolved and Mark Lindsay left to try his hand at a solo career in California. Because of his family's Mennonite religion, Revere was eventually granted Conscientious Objector status and was able to complete his military service as a cook at a mental institution in Wilsonville, Oregon……………………………..


……….By 1970-71, Lindsay had scored solo hits with "Silverbird" and "Arizona", however, he was still officially a member of the Raiders, who desperately needed a hit. Lindsay offered Revere his already-recorded song, "Indian Reservation". In the summer of 1971, the song reached No. 1 on the charts, the first and only Raiders' song to manage that feat. But it was a novelty song, not a true rock and roll band number. Rather than revitalizing Paul Revere and the Raiders, "Indian Reservation" was the group's swansong. One final Paul Revere and the Raiders record reached the Hot 100 when "Birds Of A Feather" made it to number 23 in the Fall of 1971………..


              Mark Lindsay, a runaway who never finished high school, was once a delivery boy in Boise, Idaho. Among his stops was a drive-in restaurant owned by a former barber, Paul Revere. Mark learned that Paul had a local group called the Downbeats, and that they had an opening for a musician. Mark raced home, taught himself enough saxophone to fake it, and began a remarkable musical career………………….

………….."Indian Reservation" wound up being not only the Raiders' biggest hit, but the best-selling single Columbia Records had issued. Indians in Salt Lake City even used it as a publicity song in their struggle for civil rights.

Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee

– Dee Brown

             Dee Brown's Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee is a fully documented account of the annihilation of the American Indian in the late 1800s ending at the Battle of Wounded Knee. Brown brings to light a story of torture and atrocity not well known in American history. The fashion in which the American Indian was exterminated is best summed up in the words of Standing Bear of the Poncas, "When people want to slaughter cattle they drive them along until they get them to a corral, and then they slaughter them. So it was with us.... "

             Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, a work of non-fiction, attempts to tell the story of the American West from the perspective of the indigenous population, The American Indian. That in itself makes Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee an important work of literature as it is one of the few books supporting the Indian cause. This is done through the use of council records, autobiographies, and first-hand accounts.

             Each of the book's nineteen chapters deals with a certain tribe, battle, or historical event. Brown goes into deep and explicit detail throughout, as evidenced by the book's nearly 500 pages. However, while some may complain Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee is boring or text-book-like, I believe the opposite is actually true. Generally, very little is known about this terrible genocide and Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee is a wonderful and interesting learning tool. Brown has written many books about the life of the American Indian, including Creek Mary's Blood and Killdeer Mountain, but Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee is clearly his greatest work……………

In the Name of Civilization

Wounded Knee

December 29, 1890


The Wounded Knee Massacre
December 29, 1890
An Introduction

by Lorie Liggett

          The Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890 (which was originally referred to by the United States army as the Battle of Wounded Knee -- a descriptive moniker that remains highly contested by the Native American community) is known as the event that ended the last of the Indian wars in America. As the year came to a close, the Seventh Cavalry of the United States Army brought an horrific end to the century-long U.S. government-Indian armed conflicts……………


Massacre At Wounded Knee, 1890

             On the morning of December 29, 1890, the Sioux chief Big Foot and some 350 of his followers camped on the banks of Wounded Knee creek. Surrounding their camp was a force of U.S. troops charged with the responsibility of arresting Big Foot and disarming his warriors. The scene was tense. Trouble had been brewing for months. …..